Frenectomy is a simple oral surgical procedure that eliminates the presence of a frenum in the mouth. A frenum is a muscular attachment between two tissues found inside of the cheeks and lips and inside the mouth and gums. There are two kinds of frenum in the mouth, the labial frenum and the lingual frenum.
A labial frenum is a muscular tissue that connects the inside of the upper or lower lip to the center of the gums between the two upper or lower front teeth. The presence of this frenum creates a large gap between the two upper front teeth and can also cause recession of the gums by pulling the gums away the jaw bone and teeth. In some cases where the presence of labial frenum can cause pain to the upper lip and gums in younger children, labial frenectomy is performed.
The second kind of frenum is called a lingual frenum. It is a muscular tissue that connects the bottom center of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. Lingual frenum that extends all the way to the tip of the tongue can sometimes restrict the patient from eating and speaking properly. This condition is also called ‘tongue tie’. Lingual frenectomy is only performed if the presence of frenum prevents patient from eating and speaking properly.
Benefits of Frenectomy
- It reduces gum sensitivity in the area of frenum attachment
- It improves facial appearance through the elimination of tooth gap between the two upper front teeth
- It prevents further gum recession from occurring
- It stabilizes dentures among denture users
- It improves speech.
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